DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.154597

METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF DIACHRONIC STUDY OF LINGUISTIC VARIATION IN THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE

Inna Tsaralunga

Abstract


The article analyses the system of methodological principles employed in the comprehensive study of linguistic variation in diachrony. In particular, the author defines the essence of the scientific principle as a means of linguistic study as well as thoroughly describes the system of methodological principles of a diachronic study of any linguistic variations. The described methodological foundations of a diachronic study are substantiated through the prism of Ukrainian written monuments of the late Middle Ages. The paper also outlines the prospects of further theoretical and methodological scientific studies for historical linguistics. The study material comprises more than nine thousand variable language elements, recorded in the texts of business and religious writing of the late Middle Ages. The sources for the study are represented by handwritten and printed monuments of the official style of the Old Ukrainian language and the religious style of the Church Slavonic language of the Ukrainian edition. As a result of the carried out research, it has been defined that the methodology of diachronic study of variable language phenomena is based on the principles of a scientific and objective approach to the variation of the literary language in historical conditions on the basis of a complex unity of historical, systemic, anthropocentric, and synergetic directions of linguistic studies. The described methodological aspects of the study of linguistic variations can be used in training courses of general linguistics, historical grammar of the Ukrainian language, the history of the Ukrainian literary language and historical dialectology as well as in the following optional courses: “Language Variation in Diachrony”, “Principles and Methods of Linguistic Analysis of Linguistic Variation”, “Formation of the Ukrainian Language Standards” for students of philological departments.


Keywords


language; variant; variation; methodological principle; diachrony; Old Ukrainian language

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ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)