TRAINING TRANSLATORS: FROM GENERAL REQUIREMENTS TO PARTICULAR APPROACHES

Nataliya Sopylyuk

Abstract


This article deals with some aspects of teaching translation. This question has not received much attention not only in Ukraine, but in Translation Studies as a whole. The present study illustrates how linguistic and cultural divergences between source and target texts complicate the process of translation. The paper also investigates the concept of translator’s competence and emphasises the main professional skills of a good translator. The author analyses the most evident challenges of translation process, which are likely to provide a small clue for better teaching translation and provides some references to didactic approaches of the translation process, suggested by different authors. The article is composed of four main parts. The first part regards to the representation of the role of translator nowadays, as well as the complexity of the translation process. The second part briefly examines some translation difficulties, caused by linguistic and cultural differences between source and target texts. Linguistic and cultural divergences between French and Ukrainian texts are studied on the material of translation into Ukrainian “In search of a lost time” by M. Proust. The third part is a brief overview of translator’s competence. The article states that translator’s competence consists of different sub-competences, namely: linguistic, extra-linguistic, translation sub-competence and psycho-physiological one. The fourth part focuses on some approaches to translators’ training. Methods and activities recommended by professionals engaged in the education of future translators are described. 


Keywords


training translation; translation difficulties; linguistic differences; cultural differences; translator’s competence; didactic approaches

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barkhudarov, L. S. (1975). Yazyk i perevod [Language and Translation]. Moscow, Russia: LKI.

Cherednychenko, О. І. (2007). Pro movu i pereklad [On language and translation]. Кyiv, Ukraine: Lybid.

Delisle, J. (1980). L’Analyse du discours comme méthode de traduction [Discourse analysis as translation method]. Ottava, Canada: University Ottawa.

Fedorov, A. (1983). Osnovy obstchej teorii perevoda [Bases of general theory of translation]. Moscow: Vysshaia Shkola.

Garidel, C. & Nieto, M. (2014). Didactique de la traduction et évaluation: le cas de l’Université de Concepción [Translation didactics and evaluation: the case of the University de Conceptión]. La revue de Gerflint, 10, 41-54.

Jafari, O. (2013). How approaches to teaching English can be used for teaching translation. Translation journal, 17 (2). Retrieved 15 October, 2017 from http://translationjournal.net/journal/64teaching.htm

Kuşçu, S. & Ünlü, S. (2015). Teaching translation: A suggested lesson plan on translation of advertising through the use of authentic materials. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 199, 407-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.526

Malmkjer, K. (2009). What is translation competence? Revue française de linguistique appliquée, 14, 121-134. Retrieved 15 October, 2017 from http://www.cairn.info/revue-francaise-de-linguistique-appliquee-2009-1-page-121.htm

PACTE (2003). Building a Translation Competence Model. In: Alves, F. (ed.).Triangulating Translation: Perspectives in Process Oriented Research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.45.06pac

Pontes, V.O., Nobre, J.L., & Freitas, C.P. (2016). Teaching translation to Brazilians: translation in the classroom. E-scrita-Revista do Curso de letras da uniabeu, 7 (2), 157-167.

Proust, M. (1970). À la recherche du temps perdu: Du côté de chez Swann [In search of lost time: Swann’s way]. Moscow, Russia: Progress.

Proust, M. (1997). U pochukah utratchenoho tchasu: na Swannovu storonu [In search of lost time: Swann’s way]. Kyiv, Ukraine: Universe.

Proust, M. (1954). À la recherche du temps perdu : Le temps retrouvé [In search of lost time: Found time]. Paris. France: Gallimard.

Proust, M. (2002). U pochukah utratchenoho tchasu: Vidnajdenyj tchas [In search of lost time: Found time]. Kyiv, Ukraine: Universe.

Roskosa, A. & Rupniece, D. (2016). Advantages and drawbacks of using group work in translator training. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 231, 244-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.09.098

Sibul, V., Vetrinskaya, V., Smirnova, I., & Ivanova, A. (2016). Development of ICT competency among students studying translation for professional purposes, 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (pp.8198-8202). Barcelona, Spain: Edulearn. https://doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2016.0790

Sopyliuk, N. (2012). Lingvo-kulturna adaptatsia psyhologitchnoi prozy M. Prusta v ukrainskomu perekladi [Lingo-cultural adaptation of M. Proust’s psychological prose in Ukrainian translation]. Unpublished PhD dissertation, South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Odessa, Ukraine.

Taylor, E. B. (1871). Primitive culture. London: John Murray.

Tsigou, M. (2011). Linguistique fonctionnelle et didactique de la traduction. La linguistique, 47, 105-120. Retrieved 15 October, 2017 from https://www.cairn.info/revue-la-linguistique-2011-2-page-105.htm

Zaripova A., Akimova O., & Palutina, O. (2016). Languages for special purposes in teaching translation, 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (pp.3167-3170). Barcelona, Spain: Edulearn. https://doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2016.1689

Zorivchak, R.P. (1989). Realia i pereklad (na materiali anglomovnyh perekladiv ukrainskoi prozy) [Realism and translation (on the material of English translations of Ukrainian prose]. Lviv, Ukraine: University of Lviv.

Źraka, E. (2007). Teaching specialized translation through official documents. The Journal of Specialised Translation, 7, 74–91. Retrieved 15 October, 2017 from http://jostrans.org/issue07/art_zralka.pdf




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.94120

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Nataliya Myhajlivna Sopylyuk

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)