DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.208315

STEAM AS A FACTOR OF INDIVIDUAL SYSTEMS THINKING DEVELOPMENT FOR STUDENTS OF ELECTRONICS SPECIALITY

Yuriy Yakymenko, Yuriy Poplavko, Yuliana Lavrysh

Abstract


The present paper addresses the issue of teaching electronics as an integrative course at university. One of the urgent demand to universities is to prepare future specialists for solving multi-tasked global problems. Therefore, educators need to employ new teaching strategies and methods. Systems thinking skills are considered as the requirement of the twenty-first century that should be developed at universities. We suggest STEAM approach as a powerful tool to foster the development of individual systems thinking skills in students of electronics speciality. In order to verify our hypothesis, we assessed students’ level of system thinking skills and employed systems thinking tools development during teaching field-related and English language classes to accomplish STEAM as an approach that supports individual types of information perception through technical, creative, scientific cognitive skills.  Our assumption was confirmed by the results of the post-test. Among the skills that were changed: information needs and general resources identification, feasibility and sustainability of solution assessment, root causes identification and perspectives evaluation. We also identified the most efficient practical tools and differentiated them by subjects. Due to these transformations, we are able to develop technological literacy and foster cognitive skills such as creative, critical and systems thinking for problem-solving process.


Keywords


STEAM; systems thinking skills; electronics education; individualisation; pedagogical content knowledge

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andreucci, C., Chatoney, M., & Ginestie, J. (2012). The systemic approach to technological education: Effects of transferred learning in resolving a physics problem. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 22(3), 281–296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-010-9148-y

Awad, N. & Barak, M. (2014). Sound, waves and communication: Students’ achievements and motivation in learning a STEM-oriented program. Creative Education, 5(23), 1959–1968. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2014.523220

Barak, M. (2018) Teaching Electronics: From Building Circuits to Systems Thinking and Programming in M. J. de Vries (ed.), Handbook of Technology Education (pp. 337-360). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44687-5_29

Barlex, D. & Steeg, T. (2007). Developing engineers; The case of electronics education in English schools. IEEE International Summit “Meeting the growing demand for engineers and their educators 2010–2020” (pp.9-11). Munich. https://doi.org/10.1109/mgdete.2007.4760345

Blessing, L. & Chakrabarti, A. (2009). DRM, a Design Research Methodology. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84882-587-1

Bybee, R. W. (2010). Advancing STEM education: A 2020 vision. Technology and Engineering Teacher, 70, 30–35. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ898909

Common core state standards for English Language Arts (2016). National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & the Council of Chief State School. Retrieved from /CCSSI_ELA%20Standards.pdf

Connor, A., Karmokar, S., & Whittington, C.(2015). From STEM to STEAM: Strategies for Enhancing Engineering & Technology Education. International journal of engineering pedagogy, 5(2), 37- 47. http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijep.v5i2.4458

Davidz, H.L., & Nightingale, D.J. (2008). Enabling systems thinking to accelerate the development of senior systems engineers. INCOSE Journal of Systems Engineering, 11(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/sys.20081

Daugherty, M. K. (2013). The prospect of an “A” in STEM. Journal of STEM Education, 14(2), 10–15. Retrieved from http://www.uastem.com/

English, L. D. (2016). STEM education K-12: Perspectives on integration. International Journal of Stem Education, 3(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-016-0036-1

Frank, M. (2012). Engineering Systems Thinking: Cognitive Competencies of Successful Systems Engineers. Procedia Computer Science, 8, 273-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2012.01.057

Frank, M. (2010). Assessing the interest for systems engineering positions and other engineering positions' required capacity for engineering systems thinking (CEST). Systems Engineering, 13(2), 187-195. https://doi.org/10.1002/sys.20140

Frank, M. & Elata, D. (2005). Developing the capacity for engineering systems thinking (CEST) of freshman engineering students. Systems engineering, 8(2), 187-195. https://doi.org/10.1002/sys.20025

Foster, C., Florhaug, J. A., Franklin, J., Gottschall, L., Hrovatin, L. A., Parker, S., et al. (2001). A new approach to monitoring exercise training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 15(1), 109–115. https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200102000-00019

Goodman, M. (1991). Systems thinking as a language. The Systems thinker, 2(3). Retrieved from https://www.appliedsystemsthinking.com/supporting_documents/IntroLanguage.pdf

Haskins, C., Forsberg, K., Krueger, M., Walden, D., & Hamelin, R.D. (2010). INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook : A guide for system life cycle processes and activities. San Diego, CA.

Grohs, J., Kirk, G., Soledad, M., & Knight, D. (2018). Assessing Systems Thinking: A Tool to Measure Complex Reasoning through Ill-Structured Problems.Thinking Skills and Creativity, 28, 110-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.03.003

Hubert, A. (2014). Systems Engineering, Systems Thinking, and Learning.Springer.

Leschhorn, A. & Kliem, H. (2016). A feedback model for dielectrics, ferroelectrics and relaxors. IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP) (pp.89-92). Toronto. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2016.7785505

Poplavko,Y. & Yakymenko, Y. (2020). Functional Dielectrics for Electronics. Fundamentals of conversional properties. Woodhead Publishing

Rashmi, J., Sheppard, K., Mcgrath, E., & Gallois, B. (2009). Promoting Systems Thinking in Engineering and Pre-Engineering Students. American Society for Engineering Education Conference Proceedings, Best Paper Award. Retrieved from https://www.asee.org/papers-and-publications/papers/section-proceedings/middle-atlantic/spring-2008

Roberts, A. (2012). A justification for STEM education. Technology and engineering teacher. Retrieved from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/A-Justification-for-STEM-Education-Roberts/b8cd48a3044ee1e7dcc7b734a8f5cab1042b6eac

Törnberg, P. (2017). Worse than Complex. Doctoral dissertation, Chalmers University of Technology. Göteborg, Sweden. Retrieved from http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/247725/247725.pdf

Wilson-Lopez, A. & Gregory, S. (2015). Integrating literacy and engineering instruction for young learners. The Reading Teacher, 69(1), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.1002/trtr.1351




Copyright (c) 2020 Yuriy Yakymenko, Yuriy Poplavko, Yuliana Lavrysh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)