ASSESSING AND IMPROVING VOCATIONAL TEACHERS’ EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN UKRAINE
The aim of the research is to measure interrelation between VET quality and the level of teachers’ education and training and to identify directions for their improving. The working hypothesis of the research is the assumption that education and training of graduates from colleges (specialists) will be of high quality if competencies are developed in accordance with the employers’ demands. The working hypothesis was verified through a quantitative research (a sociological survey). The target group of the survey is 350 managers of financial and insurance companies in Ukraine, including human resources managers. The research has shown that the education and training of graduates from colleges do not adequately meet the needs of the labour market, and therefore must be improved, in particular, towards the development of appropriate competencies in accordance with the employers’ requirements. The interrelation between VET quality and the level of teachers’ education and training has been partially confirmed. More than a third of the surveyed employers saw the link between them. Based on the result of research, it was found that employers were not satisfied with the quality of college graduates’ education and training. The conducted research has demonstrated the contradiction between the vision of the education and training results in educational establishments and the employers’ expectations. This confirms the importance of their systematic collaboration in developing educational and professional training programmes and study plans. The results of the research are recommended to be used during the development of educational and professional programmes and study plans.
Akareem, H.S., & Hossain, S.S. (2016). Determinants of education quality: what makes students’ perception different? Open Review of Educational Research, 3 (1), 52-67. https://doi.org/10.1080/23265507.2016.1155167
Arifin, M.A., Rasdi, R.M., Anuar, M.A.M. & Omar, M.Kh. (2017). Competencies of Vocational Teacher: A Personnel Measurement Framework. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Educational Research and Practice 2017. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7, 147-164. http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i14/3659
Baethge, M., Arends, L., & Winther, E. (2009). International large-scale assessment on vocational and occupational education and training. In F. Oser, U. Renold, E.G. John, E. Winther, S. Weber (Eds.), VET boost: Towards a theory of professional competencies. Essays in honor of Frank Achtenhagen (pp.3-24). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
Billett, S. (2006). Work, change and workers. Springer: Dordrecht.
Chinotti, B. (2015). Hiring and Inspiring Graduates in the New Work Environment. Speech at “Soft Skills and their role in employability – New perspectives in teaching, assessment and certification”. Paper presented at the Workshop in Bertinoro, FC, Italy.
Cinque, M. (2016). Lost in translation. Soft skills development in European countries. Tuning Journal for Higher Education, 3 (2), 389-427. https://doi.org/10.18543/tjhe-3(2)-2016pp389-427
Csíkos, Cs., Kovács, Zs. & Kereszty, O. (2018). Hungarian vocational education teachers’ views on their pedagogical knowledge and the information sources suitable for their professional development. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 10 (2), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40461-018-0063-x
Day, C. (2017). Competence-based Education and Teacher Professional Development. In M. Mulder (Ed.), Competence-based Vocational and Professional Education. Bridging the Worlds of Work and Education (pp.165-182). Springer, Cham.
Deissinger, T. (2004). Germany’s system of vocational education and training: challenges and modernisation issues. International Journal of Training Research, 2 (1), 76-99. https://doi.org/10.5172/ijtr.2.1.76
Deissinger, T. & Gonon, Ph. (2016). Stakeholders in the German and Swiss vocational educational and training system: Their role in innovating apprenticeships against the background of academisation. Education + Training, 58 (6), 568-577. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-02-2016-0034
Educalingo. (2018). Practicum. Retrieved 23 June, 2018 from https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/practicum
Еuropean Сomission. (2018). Proposal for a COUNCIL RECOMMENDATION on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning, 2018/0008 (NLE). Retrieved 12 April, 2018 from https://ec.europa.eu/education/sites/education/files/recommendation-key-competences-lifelong-learning.pdf
Fortmüller, R., & Kramer, D. (2014). Soziale Kompetenzen und soziale Belastungen - Eine empirische Studie zum Zusammenhang zwischen den sozialen Kompetenzen und den sozialen Belastungen von Wirtschaftslehrer/innen [Social skills and social burdens - an empirical study on the relationship between social skills and social burdens of economics teachers.]. Wissenplus – Wissenschaftplus, 32 (3), 6-8. Retrieved 28 June, 2018 from https://fdokument.com/document/soziale-kompetenzen-und-soziale-belastungen.html
García de Fez, S., & Solbes Monzó, J.R. (2016). School Management Teams in Spain’s Professional Education: a Continuous Education Proposal. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación, 70, 161-182. Retrieved 25 June, 2018 from https://rieoei.org/RIE/issue/view/8/13
Graf, L. (2016). The rise of work-based academic education in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 68 (1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2015.1107749
Grollmann, Ph. (2008). The Quality of Vocational Teachers: teacher education, institutional roles and professional reality. European Educational Research Journal, 7 (4), 535-547. https://doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2008.7.4.535
Hébrard, P. (2013). Ambiguities and paradoxes in a competence-based approach to vocational education and training in France. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, 4 (2), 111-127. https://doi.org/10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9002
Horbal, N., Shpak, M. & Shpak, Y. (2016). Double-sided analysis of the labor market in Ukraine: graduates’ and employers’ view. An International Quarterly Journal, 5 (1), 27–34. Retrieved 25 June, 2018 from http://ena.lp.edu.ua/bitstream/ntb/33088/1/04-27-34.pdf
Iesina, O. (2012). Kryterii otsinky jakosti pidgotovky suchasnykh fakhivtsiv [Criteria for assessing the quality of today's professionals]. Teoria ta metodyka navchannia fundamentalnykh dystsyplin u vyshchij shkoli, 7, 84-90..Retrieved 02 April, 2018 from http://dspace.oneu.edu.ua/jspui/handle/123456789/1401
Kashyn, A., Polshchykova, Ye. & Sakhno, Yu. (2012). Graduates of Ukrainian higher education establishments by the eyes of employers. Report. Retrieved 28 March, 2019 from http://www.yourcompass.org/docs/Employees%20on%20University_Graduates.pdf
Koettl, J., Kupets, O., Olefir, A., & Santos, I. (2014). In Search of Opportunities? The Barriers to More Efficient Internal Labor Mobility in Ukraine. IZA Discussion Papers, No. 8631. Retrieved 31 March, 2018 from https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/106573/1/dp8631.pdf
Kupets, O. (2014). Labor Market Challenges of Aging and Shrinking Population in Ukraine. The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies, 9, 99–134. Retrieved 25 June, 2018 from http://www.ces.kier.kyoto-u.ac.jp/jces/09_jces_2014/08_Kupets.pdf
Libanova, E., Cymbal, A., Lisogor, L., Marchenko, I., and Iarosh, O. (2014). Labour market transitions of young women and men in Ukraine. Youth Employment Programme, Employment Policy Department. Geneva, ILO, Work4Youth publication series, No.11. Retrieved 31 March, 2018 from International Labour Office website http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_242916.pdf
Lukyanenko, I. & Oliskevych, M. (2014). Labour market in Ukraine: an empirical dynamic analysis using error correction model. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Economics, 6 (159), 52-58. Retrieved 25 June, 2018 from http://bulletin-econom.univ.kiev.ua/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/159_52-58.pdf
Marhuenda Fluixá, F. (2012). La Formación Profesional. Logros y retos [Vocational Education. Achievements and challenges]. Madrid: Síntesis, D.L.
Moodie, G. (2002). Identifying vocational education and training. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 54 (2), 249-266. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820200200197
Montaki, S. (2012). The contribution of vocational education and training in the preservation and diffusion of cultural heritage in Greece: the case of the specialty “Guardian of museums and archaeological sites”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2 (24), 51-58. Retrieved 25 June, 2018 from http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_2_No_24_Special_Issue_December_2012/8.pdf
Kremen, V. (Ed) (2017). National Report on the State and Prospects of Education Development in Ukraine. National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine. Kyiv, Pedahohichna dumka.
Oser, F., Salzmann, P., & Heinzer, S. (2009). Measuring the competence-quality of vocational teachers: An advocatory approach. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 1(1), 65-83. Retrieved 26 June, 2018 from https://www.pedocs.de/volltexte/2012/5158/pdf/ERVET_2009_1_Oser_et_al_Measuring_the_competence_quality_of_vocational_teachers_D_A.pdf
Nickolaus, R. (2007). Qualität in der beruflichen Bildung [Quality in vocational education]. Zeitschrift für Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik (ZBW), 103(2), 161-166. Retrieved 26 June, 2018 from https://www.pedocs.de/volltexte/2010/2102/pdf/Nickolaus_Qualitaet_in_der_beruflichen_Bildung_2009_D_A.pdf
Parliament of Ukraine. (2017). Law of Ukraine “About higher education” as of 01.07.2014 № 1556-VII with last changes and additions as of 20.12.2017. Retrieved 02 April, 2018 from http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18
Petrova, I. (2016). Suchasni osoblyvosti rozvytku rynku pratsi Ukrainy [Modern features of the Ukrainian labor market development]. In: I. Petrova & V. Blyzniuk (Eds.), Rozvytok sotsialno-trudovoi sfery Ukrainy: teoria, praktyka, perspektyvy [Development of the social and labor sphere of Ukraine: theory, practice, perspectives] (pp. 117-130). Kyiv, Ukraine: Institute for Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine.
Petyuh, V., Shchetinina, L. & Shkoda, T. (2017). Development trends, asymmetries and impact factors of youth employment in Ukraine. Problemy Polityki Społecznej. Studia i Dyskusje, 1(36), 27-42. Retrieved 26 June, 2018 from http://www.problemypolitykispolecznej.pl/images/czasopisma/36/PPS-36-27-42.pdf
Radkevych, V., & Atyushina, M., eds. (2017). Vocational education: informational and analytical materials on the results of the qualifying phase of research. IVE of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv.
Runhaar, P., Bednall, T., Sanders, K., & Yang, H. (2016). Promoting VET teachers’ innovative behaviour: exploring the roles of task interdependence, learning goal orientation and occupational self-efficacy. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 68(4), 436-452. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2016.1231215
Rychen, D.S., & Salganik, L.H. (2000). Definition and Selection of Key Competencies: Theoretical and Conceptual Foundations. In Fourth General Assembly of the OECD Education Indicators Programme, The INES Compedium, Contributions from the INES Networks and Working Groups (pp. 61-73). Tokyo, Japan: OECD. Retrieved 26 June, 2018 from http://www.edu.u-szeged.hu/~csapo/publ/OECD_GA4.pdf
Serafini, M. (2018). The professional development of VET teachers in Italy: participation, needs and barriers. Statistical qualifications and benchmarking in an international perpective. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 10(3), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40461-018-0064-9
State Statistical Service of Ukraine. (2016а). Vocational and technical education establishments. Higher education establisments of І-ІІ accreditation levels. Retrieved 02 April, 2018 from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua
State Statistical Service of Ukraine. (2016b). Number of business entities by types of economic activity in 2016. Retrieved 02 April, 2018 from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua
Thanikachalam, V. (2016). Enhancing Professional and Soft Skills of the Indian Engineering Graduates. Journal of Engineering & Technology Education, 10(2), 1-17. Retrieved 26 June, 2018 from http://www.ifees.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Paper-NITTTR-CH-Journal.pdf
Walker, P. (2008). What do students think they (should) learn at college? Student perceptions of essential learning outcomes. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 8(1), 45-60. Retrieved 26 June, 2018 from https://www.iupui.edu/~josotl/archive/vol_8/no_1/v8n1walker.pdf
Winther, E., & Klotz, V.K. (2013). Measurement of vocational competences: an analysis of the structure and reliability of current assessment practices in economic domains. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 5(2), 1-12 https://doi.org/10.1186/1877-6345-5-2
Copyright (c) 2019 Svitlana Tsymbaliuk, Tetiana Shkoda, Maryna Artyushina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)