LATE VICTORIAN DISCOURSE IN THE CONTEXT OF LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL STUDIES
The article deals with the analysis of the late Victorian discourse that influenced the choice of the following research methods: the content designations (the descriptive and receptive methods), data systematisation (the elements of the quantitative estimation method), visualisation (the schematic representation of elements of quantitative characteristics). It defines the late Victorian discourse as a cognitive-communicative continuum that is based on three parametrically relevant features: the sociocultural environment (“Victorian”), linguocultural modus (“English”), functional style (“Fictional”). In this context it is possible to distinguish the following characteristics for any textual array (both oral and written): 1) actualisation of a communicative axis built on the opposition of I / Other, which makes it possible to distinguish Itself in the discourse not just of its culture, but also delineate the boundaries of the self; 2) dialogue, manifested through the open character of an arbitrary communicative act, under which the author implies the interaction of I and the Other, even if the Other is a discourse (automotive communication, monologue, etc.); 3) polystylistics, i.e. a combination of elements of different styles (associated with the language pragmatics of the communicative act); 4) etiquette (speech etiquette, moral standards, etc.), i.e. the establishment of communicative patterns in the minds of native speakers. The late Victorian discourse appears to be an integral and harmonious part of the relevant cultural traditions that are correlated with speech ethic and a system of thoughtful speech actions associated with an offer, conformational and apologetic strategies. The communicative culture of the late Victorian discourse has a conventionalised nature and it is determined by the following principles: restraint, self-control, parity, mitigation.
Andersson, P. K. (2015). How Civilized Were the Victorians? Journal of Victorian Culture, 20(4), 439-452. https://doi.org/10.1080/13555502.2015.1090673
Bakhtin, M. M. (2003). Sobraniye sochineniy v 7-mi tomakh [Collected Works in 7 volumes] (Vol. 1). Moscow, Russia: Russkie slovari; Yazyki slavyanskoy kul'tury.
Bocharnykova, E. A. (2010). O sootnoshenii ponyatiy “tekst” i “diskurs” v lingvistike [On the relationship between the concepts of “text” and “discourse” in linguistics]. Filologicheskiye nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki, 1(5), 1, 50-51. Retrieved August 11, 2018, from www.gramota.net/editions/2.html
Brodel, F. (1986). Struktury povsednevnosti: vozmozhnoye i nevozmozhnoye [The structures of daily life: the possible and the impossible]. Moscow, Russia: Progress.
Bulfin, A. (2015). The Natural Catastrophe in Late Victorian Popular Fiction: 'How Will the World End?' Critical Survey, 27 (2), 81-101. https://doi.org/10.3167/cs.2015.270207
Buyssens, E. (1943). De l'abstrait et du concret dans les faits linguistiques: la parole, le discours, la langue [From the abstract and the concrete in the linguistic facts: the speech, the speech, the language]. Acta Linguistica, 3, 17-23. https://doi.org/10.1080/03740463.1942.10415390
Farahmandfar, M., Household-Ilkhani, S. C. (2017). In Search of Englishness: A Study of the Historical Novel during the Victorian Era. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 9(1), 46-55. https://doi.org/10.21659/rupkatha.v9n1.06
Flier, А. Ja. (2017). Kultura i yeye smysly (pamyati A. A. Potapenko) [Culture and her senses (in a memory of A. A. Potapenko)]. Voprosy socialnoj teorii, IX, 100-109.
Grygor'eva, V. S. (2007). Diskurs kak element kommunikativnogo protsessa : pragmalingvisticheskiy i kognitivnyy aspekty [Discourse as an element of the communicative process : pragmalinguistic and cognitive aspects]. Tambov, Russia: Izd-vo Tamb. gos. tekhn. un-ta.
Gunning, T. (2012). Hand and Eye: Excavating a New Technology of the Image in the Victorian Era. Victorian Studies, 54, 3, 495-516. https://doi.org/10.2979/victorianstudies.54.3.495
Hancil, S. (2018). Discourse coherence and intersubjectivity: The development of final but in dialogues. Language sciences, 68, 78-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2017.12.002
Ivasheva, V. V. (1984). Literatura Velikobritanii XX veka [Literature of Great Britain of XX century]. Moscow, Russia: Vysshaya shkola.
Kaminskaja, E. A. (2016) Traditsionnyy fol'klor: kul'turnyye smysly, sovremennoye sostoyaniye i problemy aktualizatsii [Traditional folklore: cultural senses, current state and problems of actualisation]: PhD Thesis, Cheljabinsk, Russia.
Kapranov, Y. V. (2018). Hypothetical Versions on Antropogenesis Localization of the First Populations of the Homo. Logos. Klaipeda, 94, 149-158. https://doi.org/10.24101/logos.2018.15
Morris, Ch. W. (1982). Osnovaniya teorii znakov [Foundations of the theory of signs]. Мoscow, Russia: Raduga.
Prokopovich, L. V. (2016) Narodnaya skazka kak kul'turnyy tekst s mifopoeticheskoy kodirovkoy smyslov (na primere skazki “Kolobok”) [Folk tale as a cultural text with mythopoetic coding of meanings (on the example of the fairy tale “Kolobok”)]. Pervyj nezavisimyj nauchnyj vestnik, 7, 23-28.
Pryhodko, A. M. (2008). Koncepty i konceptosystemy v kognityvno-dyskursyvnij paradygmi lingvistyky [Concepts and conceptual systems in the cognitive-discursive paradigm of linguistics]. Zaporizhzhja, Ukraine: Premiier.
Reinfild, D. (2016). Zhizn' Antona Chekhova [The Life of Anton Chekhov]. Moscow, Russia: B.S.G.-Press.
Rysova, M., Rysova, K. (2018). Primary and secondary discourse connectives: Constraints and preferences. Journal of Pragmatics, 130, 16–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.03.013
Mukerji, Ch., Schudson, M. (Eds.) (1991) Rethinking popular culture. Contemporary perspectives in cultural studies. Oxford: University of California Press.
Stein, R. L. (2011). Class, Culture and Suburban Anxieties in the Victorian Era. Victorian Studies, 53 (4), 745-747.
Tojnbi, A. J. (2010) Postizheniye istorii [Comprehension of history]. Moscow, Russia: Progress.
Xin, W. (2013). The Early Victorian Era in Art of Painting. Paper presented at International Conference on Economic, Business Management and Education Innovation (EBMEI 2013): May 22-23. Beijing, China.
Zhangozha, R. (2016) Mul'tikul'turalizm: pro et contra [Multiculturalism: pro et contra]. Lviv-Kyiv: [b.i.], Ukraine.
Copyright (c) 2018 Mariia Levishchenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)