THE CATEGORY OF FREEDOM IN THE WRITTEN HERITAGE OF JOHN AMOS COMENIUS AND HRYHORIY SKOVORODA

Olena Budnyk, Hryhorii Vasianovych

Abstract


The article examines written works of John Amos Comenius and Hryhoriy Skovoroda, the outstanding educators and humanists of the 17th-18th centuries in the context of their interpretation of the concept “freedom”. The analysis of the published works of the philosophers reveals multidimensionality of this category. Specifically, freedom is viewed as a universal culture; an individual and social value; an extent of responsibility, et cetera. The research shows that these scholars established dialectical links between freedom, education, culture and humanistic thinking. Culture and erudition of a person develop under the conditions of freedom of the individual and society. Education of a person is a life-long process, it is a basis of virtuous human behaviour, morality and spirituality. John Amos Comenius Comenius and Hryhoriy Skovoroda considered school and university to perform not only educational role, but above all cultural and developmental ones. In the context of pedagogical grounds and principles of the philosophers, training and education should be appropriate to human nature and culture. A school should serve as a “workshop of humanity”, which requires the activities to be well organised, the attitude to be humane, fair and impartial. Under these conditions, a school becomes a place of true paradise and pleasure as opposed to humiliation, indifference and torture. The paper underlines that the freedom of society largely determines the level of individual freedom. Freedom is an extent of teacher’s responsibility.


Keywords


freedom; Jan Amos Comenius; Hryhoriy Skovoroda; culture; education; personality; humanity; value; responsibility

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anoshkova, T. A. (2015). Implementation of global competency in Higher Education. Advanced Education, 3, 4-8.

Bahaliy, D. (1972). Ukrainskyi mandrovanyi filosof Hryhorii Skovoroda [Ukrainian travelling philosopher Hryhorii Skovoroda]. Kyiv, Ukraine: Obrii.

Budnyk, O. (2016). Educational Model of a Modern Student: European Scope. Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University. Series of Social and Human Sciences. 3 (2-3), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.9-14

Comenius, J. A. (1982a). Avtobiohrafiia [Autobiography]. In A. Piskunov (Ed.), Selected pedagogical works, Vol.1 (pp.25-73). Moscow, Russia: Pedagogika.

Comenius, J. A. (1982b). Voskresshiy Fortsiy [Fortius Redivivus]. In A. Piskunov (Ed.), Selected pedagogical works, Vol.2 (pp. 112-132). Moscow, Russia: Pedagogika.

Comenius, J. A. (1982c). Vseobschiy sovet ob ispravlenii del chelovecheskih [General Consultation on the Reform of Human Affairs]. In A. Piskunov (Ed.), Selected pedagogical works, Vol.2 (pp.282-469). Moscow, Russia: Pedagogika.

Comenius, J. A. (1982d). Labirint sveta i ray serdtsa [The labyrinth of the world and paradise of the heart]. In A. Piskunov (Ed.), Selected pedagogical works, Vol.1 (pp. 74-193). Moscow, Russia: Pedagogika.

Comenius, J. A. (1896). The great didactic. London: Adam and Charles Black.

Filipchuk, G. G. (2014). Natsiietvorchist osvity [Nation-creation of education], monograph. Chernivtsi, Ukraine: Zelena Bukovyna.

Hegel, G. (1990). Filosofiia prava [Philosophy of law]. (D. Y. Kerimov & V. S. Nersesiani, Transl., eds.). Moscow, Russia: Mysl.

Hroncová, J. (2015). The Socio-Pedagogical Thinking of J. A. Comenius as Inspiration for Social Pedagogy. The New Educational Review, 39, 39-47.

Kremen, V. (2010). Lyudynotsentryzm „filosofiyi sertsya“ H. S. Skovorody – osnova natsionalnogo svitobachennya [Humanocentrism of “philosophy of the heart” of H. S. Skovoroda – a cornerstone of national outlook. Paper presented at Ukrainian-Turkish conference in philosophy and pedagogics “Hryhoriy Skovoroda and Fethullah Gulen: modern traditions of humanism”, Kyiv, 7 June (pp.5-9). Kyiv, Ukraine.

Skovoroda, H. S. (1995). Rozmova, scho nazivaetsya alfavitom abo bukvar miru [A talk called alphabet or the ABC of the world]. In: Piznay v sobi lyudinu [Get to know a person in yourself] (pp.302-342). (M. Kashuba, Trans.). Lviv, Ukraine: Svit.

Skovoroda, H. S. (1983). Sad pisen: vybrani tvory [Garden of songs: Selected Works]. (M. Zerov, P. Pelekh, & V. Shevchuk, Trans]. Kyiv, Ukraine: Veselka.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.93517

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Olena Bohdanivna Budnyk, Hryhorii Petrovych Vasianovych

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)