LEXEME MEIN- PART-OF-SPEECH APPURTENANCE IN THE MODERN GERMAN GRAMMAR IN THE FRAMEWORK OF OPTIMALITY THEORY

Oksana Turysheva

Abstract


This paper focuses on the determination of the part-of-speech appurtenance of MEIN-lexeme concerning the Optimality Theory. The aim of the analysis is also to find the solution to the problem in the frame of a new course of formal research which appeared in the beginning of 90-s years of the 20-th century (the Optimality Theory) by using its methodological terms. The following working hypothesis was made: MEIN belongs to an article class. The constraints were formulated on the basis of main article characteristics presented in various German grammars. According to multifunctional nature of a lexeme, the constraints combine morphological, syntactic and semantic features: an article can’t be the head of a noun phrase, it agrees with a noun in case, gender and number, has no lexical meaning, affects the inflection of the adjective in the attributive position, doesn’t coordinate with other articles, has the function of determination, can be moved into an A-position only as a part of noun phrase. The results are made in the form of tables that present the process of harmony-evaluation and the final optimal candidate. The results of the study show that MEIN- lexeme belongs to an article class. It is equally important that the methodological tools of the Optimality Theory could be extended for research in the sphere of morphology and semantics.


Keywords


the optimality theory; the part of speech; pronoun; article; constrains; evaluation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Engel, U. (2009). Syntax der deutschen Gegenwartssprache [The Syntax of modern German]. (4th ed.). Berlin, Germany: Erich Schmidt.

Helbig, G. & Buscha, J. (2011). Deutsche Grammatik [German Grammar]. Berlin, Munich, Germany, Vienna, Austria, Zürich, Switzerland, New York, USA: Langenscheidt.

Hentschel, E. & Weydt, H. (2013). Handbuch der deutschen Grammatik [Reference Grammar of German]. (4th ed.). Berlin, Germany, New York, USA: Walter de Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110312973

Kunkel-Razum, K. & Münzberg, F. (Eds.) (2009). Die Grammatik. Unentbehrlich für richtiges Deutsch [Grammar. Indispensable for real German]. (8th ed.). Mannheim, Germany, Vienna, Austria, Zürich, Switzerland: Dudenverlag.

Prince A., & Smolensky P. (2004). Optimality Theory. Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar. Malden, MA, USA, Oxford, UK, Carlton, Vic., Australia: Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263106220060

Prince A., & Smolensky P. (1997). Optimality: From Neural Networks to Universal Grammar. Science, 275, 1604-1610. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.275.5306.1604

Radford, A. (2002). Syntactic theory and the structure of English. A minimalist approach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139166706

Sommerfeld, K.-E., Starke, G. & Hackel W. (1998). Einführung in die Grammatik der deutschen Gegenwartssprache [Introduction to Grammar of the modern German]. (3rd ed.). Berlin, Germany, New York, USA: Walter de Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110918861

Turysheva O. (2016). Parts of speech in generative grammar. Germanica Wratislaviensia. Ansätze – Begründungen – Maßstäbe, 141, 349-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.19195/0435-5865.141.23

Zifonun, G., Hoffmann, L., Strecker, B., & Ballweg, J. (1997). Grammatik der deutschen Sprache [Grammar of German language]. (Vol. 3). Berlin, Germany, New York, USA: Walter de Gruyter.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.92455

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 O. O. Turysheva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)