DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.168675

FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ ETHNIC TOLERANCE IN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Marija Czepil, Oresta Karpenko, Alla Revt, Kateryna Istomina

Abstract


Ethnic tolerance is one of key issues of global and national order and is considered to be one of the necessary conditions for effective professional training. The aim of our research was to determine the background factors of students’ ethnic tolerance, its components and levels. Using two methods – Tolerance Index by Soldatova and our own questionnaire – allowed us to determine tolerance level in students of pedagogical specialties of Lviv region universities in Ukraine. We identified some fundamental factors of the effective formation of tolerance: the acceptance of cultural and national features of an individual, the ability to constructive cooperation and dialogue regardless of ethnicity, the ability and desire to listen to the interlocutor and understand his point of view. In the process of learning, students acquire the initial skills of professional and social communication and master the foundations of tolerant behaviour. The formation of ethnic tolerance is facilitated by the following factors: family upbringing, positive communication with representatives of other nationalities, knowledge of cross-cultural differences, travelling to other countries, studying at a higher education institution.


Keywords


tolerance; ethnic tolerance; intolerance; nationality; national culture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berggren, N., & Nilsson, T. (2016) Tolerance in the United States: Does economic freedom transform racial, religious, political and sexual attitudes? European Journal of Political Economy, 45, 53-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2016.06.001

Borgonovi, F. (2012). The relationship between education and levels of trust and tolerance in Europe1. The British Journal of Sociology, 63, 146-167. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.2011.01397.x

Chepil, M. (2017). Mizhnarodnyi kontekst intehratsii pedahohiv frankovoho universytetu v yevropeiskyi osvitnii prostir[International context of ingergation of educators of Franko university into European educational space]. Liudynoznavchi studii. Seriia “Pedahohika”, 5 (37), 259-268. https://doi.org/10.24919/2313-2094.5/37.102649

Chepil, M. (Ed.) (2016). Formuvannia tsinnostei osobystosti: teoriia i praktyka [Formation of personal values: theory and practice]. Drohobych, Ukraine: Redaktsiino-vydavnychyi viddil Drohobytskoho derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni Ivana Franka.

Dejaeghere, Y, Hooghe, M., &Claes, E (2012).Do ethnically diverse schools reduce ethnocentrism? A two-year panel study among majority group late adolescents in Belgian schools. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36(1), 108-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.02.010

Forester, J. (1999). Dealing with Deep Value Differences”. In L. Susskind, S. McKearnan and J. Thomas-Larmer (Eds.), The Consensus Building Handbook (pp. 463-493). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452231389.n13

Hooghe, M., Marien, S., &Vroome, Th. (2012).The cognitive basis of trust. The relation between education, cognitive ability, and generalized and political trust. Intelligence, 40 (6),604. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2012.08.006

Hurieva, O. (2013). Vykhovannia tolerantnosti v ukrainskykh studentiv u konteksti yevropeiskoi intehratsii Ukrainy [Development of tolerance in Ukrainian students in the context of European integration of Ukraine]. Pedahohika formuvannia tvorchoi osobystosti u vyshchii i zahalnoosvitnii shkolakh, 28, 469-472. Retrieved 15 March 2019 from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Pfto_2013_28_73

Khazratova, N. (2001). Psykholohichni problemy ta osobystisni kryzy studentskoho viku[Psychological problems and peculiarities of student agecrisis]. In T. M. Tytarenko (Ed.), Osobystisni kryzy studentskoho viku (pp. 14-16). Lutsk, Ukraine: Vezha.

Kholodova, O. (2003). Psykholohichni zasoby zapobihannia ta korektsii frustratsii u profesiinii diialnosti molodykh uchyteliv [Psychological means of prevention and correction of frustration in professional activity of young teachers]. (Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). Kyiv, Ukraine: Instytut psykhologii imeni H. Kostiuka.

Komalasari, K. & Saripudin, D. (2015). Integration of anti-corruption education in school’s activities. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 12 (6), 445-451. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2015.445.451

Konstytutsiia Ukrainy: Pryiniata na piatii sesii Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy 28 chervnia 1996 r. [ConstitutionofUkraine: adoptedonthefifthsessionofVerkhovnaRadaofUkraineJune 28th 1996] (1997). Kyiv: Presa Ukrainy.

Kyrylenko, T. (2008). Tolerantnist ta harmoniia osobystosti[Tolerance and harmony of a person]. Psykholohichni perspektyvy, 11, 130-136.

Popper, K. (1945). The Open Society and Its Enemies. Volume 1: The Spell of Plato. London: Routledge.

Raihorodskyi, D. (2002). Praktycheskaia psykhodyahnostyka. Metodyky i testy [Practical psychological diagnosis. Methods and tests]. Samara: BAKhRAKh-M.

Rifkin, J. (2004). The European dream: how Europe’s vision of the future is quietly eclipsing the American dream. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/ Penguin.

Soldatova, H. (2006). Psykholohycheskie mekhanyzmy ksenofobii [Psychological mechanisms of xenophobia]. Psykholohycheskyi zhurnal, 6, 5-17.

Soldatova, H., & Shaiherova, L. (2008). Psykhodyahnostyka tolerantnosty lychnosty [Psychologyoftoleranceofaperson]. Moscow, Russia: Smysl.




Copyright (c) 2019 Marija Czepil, Oresta Karpenko, Alla Revt, Kateryna Istomina

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)