DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2410-8286.155500

FEATURES OF EXPRESSIVE FEMALE SPEECH IN THE POLITICAL DISCOURSE OF SPAIN AND LATIN AMERICA

Natalia Petlyuchenko, Valeria Chernyakova

Abstract


This paper represents a multimodal analysis of the paraverbal (prosodic and gesture) features of expressive female political speech in Latin America and Spain. The language corpus consisted of public speeches delivered by Spanish-speaking female politicians Eva Peron, Christina de Kirchner and Manuela Carmena. The article includes an overview of theoretical approaches to female speech studies and follows current trends in modern sociolinguistics, which, on the one hand, accumulate the classical techniques (particularly, experimental methods) of studying the gender-related specifics of the oral female speech based on social standing, age and professional affiliation, and, on the other hand, reflect the latest approaches to the contrastive analysis of socio-political discourse in the “Spanish-Speaking World” (Spain and Latin America). This contributes to the study of gender, speech effect and comparative issues. We offer an audiovisual analysis method for studying voice and kinetic means of the expressive speech of female politicians in Spain and Latin America. This allows determining the ethno-specific correlates of expressiveness in a speech of female politicians at the verbal and paraverbal levels and building an updated model of female political expressiveness based on the integrity of its verbal and paraverbal categories.


Keywords


contrastive analysis; gender,; political discourse; expressive female speech; verbal; paraverbal; prosodic; gesture; Latin America; Spain

Full Text:

pdf

References


Alexiyevets, O. (2017). Prosody of the viewpoint in political discourse. Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow, II (1), 4–41. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2017-0001

Anderson, C. (2019). Discourses of ageing and gender: the impact of public and private voices on the identity of ageing women. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan

Bethany, A. (2003). Representing madness: text, gender and authority in early Habsburg Spain. In Marta V. Vicente (Ed.), Women, texts and authority in the early modern Spanish world (pp. 90–99). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Bonzi, E. V., Grad, G. B., Maggi, A. M. & Mu˜n´oz, M. R. (2014). Study of the characteristic parameters of the normal voices of Argentinian speakers. Papers in Physics, 6, art. 060002. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from http://arxiv.org/pdf/1508.06226.pdf

Burns, K. (2013). Forms of authority: women's legal representations in mid-colonial Cuzco. In Marta V. Vicente (Ed.), Women, texts and authority in the early modern Spanish world (pp. 176–181). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Carmena, M (2015). 24 de Mayo 2015 Discurso electoral en Madrid. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CkMRRaz1eY

Chaunu, P. (1973) Histoire de l'Amérique Latine [History of Latin America]. Paris: Presses Univ. de France.

Chernyakova, V. A. (2014). Zhenskij politicheskij diskurs v Ispanii i Ukraine (kontrastivnyj aspekt) [Female political discourse in Spain and Ukraine (contrastive aspect)]. Odes'kij lіngvіstichnij vіsnik, 3, 227–234. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from http://olj.onua.edu.ua/index.php/olj

Cheshire, J. (2002). Sex and Gender in Variationist Research. In J. K. Chambers, P. Trudgill, N. Schilling-Estes (Eds.), Handbook of Language Variation and Change (pp. 423–443). Oxford: Blackwell.

Coates, J. (2013). Women in their speech communities: new perspectives on language and sex. Basingstoke [u.a.]: Palgrave Macmillan.

Eckert, P. & McConnel-Ginnet, S. (2004). Language and Gender. Cambridge: CUP.

Elemeshina, Ju. A. (2010). Projavlenie gendernyh razlichij na segmentnom i suprasegmentnom urovnjah [Manifestation of gender differences at the segmental and suprasegmental levels]. Vestnik moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Jazykoznanie, 13 (592), 46–55. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from https://vestnik-mgou.ru/series/linguistics

Fedorіv, Ja. R. (2012). Lіngvokognіtivnі oznaki statusu zhіnki: kros-kul'turne doslіdzhennja publіchnogo movlennja zhіnok-oratorіv [Linguocognitive attributes of the status of women: cross-cultural study of public female speakers]. Vіsnik KNLU. Serіja: Fіlologіja, 15 (2), 166–176. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from http://philmessenger.knlu.edu.ua/

Firsova, N. (2000) Variantología Lingüística y la Especificidad Nacional-Cultural de la Comunicación Verbal en el español. [Linguistic Variantology and national-cultural specificity of verbal communication in Spanish]. Moscú: editorial URAP.

Grigorash, V. S. (2012). Teritorіal'nі gendernі osoblivostі іntonacіjnogo oformlennja movlennja nosіїv jorkshirs'kogo dіalektu (na materіalі radіoіnterv’ju) [Territorial gender-related intonational features of Yorkshire dialect speakers (based on radio interviews)]. Vіsnik Harkіvs'kogo nacіonal'nogo unіversitetu іmenі V. N. Karazіna. Serіja: Romano-germans'ka fіlologіja. Metodika vikladannja іnozemnih mov, 69 (1002), 124–127.

Hanisch, E. (2005). Männlichkeiten: eine andere Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts [Masculinity: another story of the 20th century]. Wien [u.a.]: Böhlau.

Hein-Kircher, H. (2013). Social master narratives: romanticisation and functionalization of personalities and events through political myths. In Anne-Berenike Rothstein & Pere Joan Tous (Eds.), "Evita vive": estudios literarios y culturales sobre Eva Perón. ["Evita vive": Literary and cultural studies of Eva Perón] (pp. 13–32). Berlin: Ed. Tranvía, Verl. Frey.

Hock, H. H. (2009). Language History, Language Change, and Language Relationship: an Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Holmes, M. & Meyerhoff, J. (2001). The Handbook of Language and Gender. Oxford: OUP.

Kalyta, A. (2014). Problem of Studying Speech Pauses’ Energetic Potential. In Book of Abstracts of the II International Linguistics Conference Linguistics (Poland, Lublin, 6–7 November 2014), Linguistics Beyond and Within: Challenging Ideas and Innovative Applications (pp. 51–53). Poland, Lublin: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin.

Kayne, R. S. (2010). Comparisons and contrasts. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Kehrein, R. (2002). Prosodie und Emotionen [Prosody and emotions]. Tübingen, Niemeyer.

Kendon, A. (2004). Gesture: Visible Action as Utterence. Cambridge: University Press.

Kirchner, C. F. (2015). 25 de Mayo. 2015 to Aniversario de la Revolución de Mayo. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= c84ABCgLaGQ.html

Längle, A. & Holzhey-Kunz, A. (2008). Existenzanalyse und Daseinsanalyse [Existential analysis and analysis of existence]. Wien: facultas.wuv.

Levin, C. & Sullivan, P.A. (1995). Political Rhetoric, Power and Renaissance Women. Albany: State Univ. of New York Pr.

Lower, W. (2016). Hitlers Helferinnen : deutsche Frauen im Holocaust [Hitler's helpers: German women in the Holocaust]. Frankfurt am Main: FISCHER Taschenbuch.

Malo, A. (2018). Mann und Frau: eine anthropologische Betrachtung zur Differenz der Geschlechter [Man and woman: an anthropological consideration of the difference between the sexes]. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.

Maravall, Y. J. (2015). Las mujeres en la izquierda chilena durante la unidad popular y la dictadura militar (1970-1990) [Women in the Chilean left-wing movement during the popular unity and the military dictatorship (1970-1990)]. Madrid: Univ. Autónoma de Madrid.

Mouton García, P. (2000). Cómo hablan las mujeres. Madrid: Arco Libros.

Parsons, T. (2009). Das System moderner Gesellschaften [The system of modern societies]. Weinheim [u.a.]: Juventa-Verl.

Pépiot, E. (2014). Male and female speech: a study of mean f0, f0 range, phonation type and speech rate in Parisian French and American English speakers. In Speech Prosody 7, May 2014, Dublin, Ireland (pp. 305–309). Retrieved 15 December, 2018 from https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00999332/document

Perón, E. (1951). Discurso de Renunciamento Renunciamiento 22 de Agosto de 1951. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOnGK5DK0RY

Petlyuchenko, N. V. (2009a). Charyzmatyka : movna osobystistʹ i dyskurs [Charisma: A personality and discourse]. Odessa, Ukraine: Astroprint.

Petlyuchenko, N. V. (2009b). Harizma i zhenskij gender (na materiale politicheskih vystuplenij A. Merkel' i Ju. Timoshenko) [Charisma and female gender (based on political speeches by A. Merkel and Y. Tymoshenko)]. Naukovij vіsnik PDPU іmenі K. D. Ushins'kogo. Lіngvіstichnі nauki, 8, 74–85. Retrieved 15 December 2018 from https://www.pdpu.edu.ua/vidavnitstvo/496-naukovij-visnik-lingvistichni-nauki

Petlyuchenko N. & Artiukhova, A. (2015). Aggressive Rhetoric: Prosodic and Kinetic Means. In G.Ferré & M.Tutton (Eds.), Proceedings of International Conference "Gesture and Speech in Interaction" (GESPIN) 2015 (pp. 191–194). Nantes: University of Nantes. France.

Pompino-Marschall, B. (2009). Einführung in die Phonetik [Introduction to phonetics]. Berlin [u.a.]: de Gruyter.

Potapov, V. V. (2002). Foneticheskie gendernye priznaki v russkoj razgovornoj rechi [Phonetic gender attributes in colloquial Russian]. In Jirina van Leeuwen-Turnovcova & Karin Wullenweber, et al. (Eds.), Wiener Slawistischer Almanach: Gender-Forschung in der Slawistik, 55 (pp.201–210). Wien – München: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

Potapov, V. V. (2004). Sopostavitel'nyj podhod v foneticheskoj genderologii (russko-nemeckie paralleli) [Comparative approach in phonetic gender studies (Russian-German parallels)]. In G. E. Kedrova & V. V. Potapov (Eds.), Jazyk i rech': problemy i reshenija (pp. 205–229). Moscow: MAKS Press.

Schinnerl, M. (2015). Russische Männer- und Frauensprache: ein korpuslinguistischer Zugang [Russian male and female language: a corpus linguistic approach]. Wien [u.a.]: LIT.

Schonlau, A. (2017). Emotionen im Dramentext: eine methodische Grundlegung mit exemplarischer Analyse zu Neid und Intrige 1750-1800 [Emotions in drama text: methodical fundamentals with an exemplary analysis of envy and intrigue 1750-1800]. Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter.

Sendlmeier, W. F. (2016). Sprechwirkungsforschung : Grundlagen und Anwendungen mündlicher Kommunikation [Sound Effects Research: Foundations and Applications of Oral Communication]. Berlin: Logos.

Trudgill, P. (2000). Sociolinguistics: An Introduction to Language and Society. London: Penguin.

Weißmann, I. E. (2017) Gewalt ist männlich - Gemeinheit weiblich? Konsequenzen von Jugendgewalt für eine geschlechterspezifische Gewaltprävention [Violence is male – nastiness is female? Consequences of youth violence for gender-specific violence prevention]. Gießen: VVB Laufersweiler Verlag.




Copyright (c) 2019 Natalia Petlyuchenko, Valeria Charnyakova

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)