Kateryna Karpova


The present article deals with an increasing number of words which have recently appeared in the English language due to the drastic changes in social, political, economic realms as well as science and technology. Constant technological and scientific progress as surely as active development of cultural, spiritual and everyday spheres of life may be a powerful stimulus for the continual enrichment of English lexicon. The English language is monthly enriched by new lexical units which are introduced into official dictionaries and thesauri in order to extend its vocabulary. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to provide comprehensive linguistic research of innovative food-related lexical units, collocations, expressions and notions as well as to observe productive word-building patterns used for coining new words. Firstly, we examine fundamental works on the subject of neology, neologisms and their word-formation types as a linguistic phenomenon. Secondly, the focus of attention is on structure and semantics of food-related coinages which have recently come into use. Moreover, we concentrate on blending as the most frequently occurring word-formation type used to create neologisms in the sphere of gastronomy and related domains. In addition, various types of lexical blends are discussed as well as their high degree of productivity. Finally, we make conclusions and suggestions for further linguistic investigations. 


neology; neologism; food-related lexicon; food-related lexical unit; collocation; word-formation type; lexical blending

Full Text:



Aarts, B. & McMahon, A. (2006). The handbook of English linguistics. London, England: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

About Words – Cambridge Dictionaries Online Blog (n.d.). Retrieved from

Andrusiak, I. (2003). Angliiski neologizmy kintsia XX stolittia yak skladova movnoi kartyny svitu [English neologisms of the end XX century as a component of language worldview]. PhD thesis, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Antiufeeva, Yu. (2004). Angliiskie novoobrazovaniia v razvitii: potentsyalnoe slovo, okkazionalizm, neologizm [English neologisms in development: potential word, occasionalism, neologism]. PhD thesis, Leo Tolstoi State Pedagogical University of Tula, Belgorod, Russia.

Belova, A. (2011). Nominativnye protsesy v sovremennom angliiskom yazyke kak otrazhenie evoliutsionnogo i innovatsionnogo razvitiia obektov [Nomination in modern English as a reflection of evolution and innovation in the development of the objects]. Lingvistyka XXI stolittia: novi doslidzhennia i perspektyvy, 65-74. Retrieved 23 August 2018 from

Bodle, A. (2016). How new words are born. Retrieved 4 February 2016 from

Brady, T. (2010). Think before you snack: auto-eating is part of the new obesity epidemic. Retrieved 27 July 2010 from

Brahina, A. (1973). Neologizmy v russkom yazyke [Neologisms in the Russian language]. Moscow, Russia: Prosveshchenie.

Cannon, G. (2009). Blends in English word formation. Linguistics, 24, 725-754.

Cornelia, G., Frobenius, M., & Ley, S. (2013). Culinary Linguistics. The Chef’s Special. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Counihan, C. & Esterik, P. van. (1997). Food and Culture: A Reader. New York: Routledge.

Creece, Sh. (2018) Neologisms in online British-English versus American-English dictionaries. In Jaka Čibej et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the XVIII EURALEX International Congress “Lexicography in global context” (pp.545-557). Ljubljana: Ljubljana University Press. Retrieved 23 August 2018 from from

Crystal, D. (2001). Language and Internet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dziubina, O. (2018). Typolohichni pryntsypy klasyfykatsii neologizmiv u suchasnii angliiskii movi [Typological principles of classification of neologisms in modern English]. Naukovyi visnyk mizhnarodnogo gumanitarnogo universytetu. Seriia Filologiia, 33, 38-40. Retrieved 23 August 2018 from

Enikeyeva, S. (2011). Systema slovotvoru suchasnoi angliiskoi movy: synergetychnyi aspect (na materiali novoutvoren kintsia XX – pochatku XXI stolit) [Word-formation system of modern English: synergetic aspect (on the material of newly-coined words of the end XX – beginning XXI century)]. PhD thesis, Kyiv, Ukraine: Kyiv National Linguistic University.

Fauconnier, G. & Terner, M. (1996). Blending as a central process of grammar. In A. Goldberg (Ed.), Conceptual structure, discourse and language (pp. 113-130). Stanford: CSLI Publications.

Fischer, R. (1998). Lexical change in present-day English: a corpus-based study of the motivation, institutionalization, and productivity of creative neologisms. Tubingen: Gunter Narr Verlag Tubingen.

Glossary of terms related to healthy eating, obesity, physical activity and weight control (n.d.). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved 01 March 2013 from

Hoffman, J. (2015). Parents’ denial fuels childhood obesity epidemic. The New York Times. Retrieved 15 June 2015 from

Harris, W. (2009). How molecular gastronomy works. Retrieved 20 January 2009 from

Karpova, K. (2016). Neologichnyi potentsial suchasnoi angliiskoi movy (na materiali neologizmiv u sferi kulinarii) [Neological potential of the present-day English language (on the material of newly-coined words in the culinary realm)]. Molodyi vchenyi, 12 (39), 359-362. Retrieved 4 January 2016 from

Kemmer, S. (2006). Schemas and lexical blends. USA & Germany: Rice University and Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

Kubriakova, E. (2002). Neologiia: problemy i perspektivy [Neology: problems and perspectives]. In Problemy angliiskoi neologii: materialy nauchnoi konferentsii (pp.5-11). Moscow: Moscow State Linguistic University.

Learn English Today (n.d.). Retrieved from

Levytskyi, A. & Sheludko, A. (2009). Funktsionuvannia kompozyt ukrainskoi ta angliiskoi mov: zistavnyi aspect [Functioning of compound words in Ukrainian and English: comparative aspect]. Studia Linguistica, 3, 153-161. Retrieved 14 December 2009 from

Link, R. (2017). What are superfoods? 15 top superfoods to get into your diet. Retrieved 24 November 2017 from

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (n.d.). Retrieved from

Maliarchuk, O. (2015). Osoblyvosti tvorennia neologizmiv-teleskopizmiv u suchasnii angliiskii movi (na materiali leksykografichnykh dzherel) [The peculiarities of formation of newly-coined blends in modern English (on the material of dictionaries)], Research Journal of Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University. Series «Philology» (Linguistics), 3, 137-140. Retrieved 23 March 2015 from

Maxwell, K. (2006). How are new words born? Retrieved 06 June 2006 from

Merriam-Webster Learner’s Dictionary (n.d.). Retrieved from

Murzakov, A. (2013). Funktsionalno-pragmaticheskie aspekty sliiania v angliiskom yazyke [Functional and pragmatic aspects of blending in the English language]. St. Petersburg, Russia: St. Petersburg State Electrotechnical University.

Oxford English Dictionary (n.d.). Retrieved from

Plag, I. (2018). Word-formation in English. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Pound, L. (2013). Blends, their relation to English word formation – Primary source edition. England: Nabu Press.

Senkiv, O. (2016). Neologizmy skorochennia v anglomovnykh versiiakh mizhnarodnykh sotsmerezh [English abbreviated neologisms in international social networks], Molodyi vchenyi, 6 (33), 379-386. Retrieved 13 July 2016 from

Urban Dictionary (n.d.). Retrieved from

Usova, I. (2015). Neologizmy v sovremennom angliiskom yazyke [Neologisms in modern English]. Baltiiskii humanitarnyi zhurnal, 79-84. Toliatti, Russia: Institut Napravlennogo Obrazovaniia.

Vinogradov, V. (1977). Izbrannye trudy. Leksikologiia i leksikografia [Selected works. Lexicology and lexicography]. Moscow, Russia: Nauka.

Word Spy (n.d.). Retrieved from

Zatsnyi, Yu. (2007). Suchasnyi anglomovnyi svit i zbahachennia slovnykovogo skladu [Modern English-speaking world and enrichment of the vocabulary]. Lviv, Ukraine: PAIS.

Zatsnyi, Yu. (2013). O nekotorykh innovatsionnykh protsessakh i mekhanizmakh v leksiko-semanticheskoi sisteme angliiskogo yazyka [On some innovation processes and mechanisms in lexical and semantic systems of the English language]. Nova Filologiia, 58 (58), 64-76. Retrieved 09 September 2015 from

Zhluktenko, Yu. (1983). Angliiskie neologizmy [English neologisms]. Kiev, Ukraine: Naukova dumka.

Copyright (c) 2019 Kateryna Karpova

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2410-8286 (Online), ISSN 2409-3351 (Print)